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Explain Tumulus

Tumulus Explained!

Tumulus Technical Terms

Tumulus: A small dome or mound on the surface of a lava flow formed by the buckling of the congealing crust near the edge of a flow caused by differences in flow rates of the cooler crust above and the hotter, more fluid lava below. Dimensions commonly range from < 1 m to 5 m in height, 3 to 10 m in width and 30 to 40 m in length. Some tumuli are hollow. Compare – pressure ridge [volcanic]. SW, GG, and GS

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